msTest Initialization UnitTest Framework error – No types found implementing

I started getting the following error when running specific UnitTests on the server, and only on the server. Running the tests from Visual Studio both using msTest and TestDriven was fine. But obviously something was missing. The good part about using different runners to run tests is that you often find niche cases that you would have otherwise missed. I was able to duplicate the behavior using msTest from the command line on the development machine. Then I noticed that when msTest runs it creates a whole new directory for each run ( based on timestamp ) in order to run the tests in isolation. I started to realize my problem as the files needed for the test need to be copied to the new directory. As I was using reflection to load some of the dlls msTest would have no instructions that I needed those dlls to be copied over as well.

Initialization method Framework.Conventions.UnitTests.ConventionAdapterExtensionsTests.Initialize threw exception. Framework.FrameworkUsageException: Framework.FrameworkUsageException: No types found implementing IConventionAdapterProvider.

The trick is to declare the needed dlls as deployment items for your UnitTests test class and you are in business. In my case I needed these three dlls.

[DeploymentItem(“Framework.Compiler.dll”)]
[DeploymentItem(“Framework.Conventions.Compiler.dll”)]
[DeploymentItem(“Framework.Logging.dll”)]
[TestClass]
public class ConventionAdapterExtensionsTests
{

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